Keywords from ICA Commissions

Much of the topics in a Cartocraphic Body of Knowledge are covered by different ICA Commissions and Working Groups. To get an overview over topics the varoius Commissions find most important, the Commissions (and WGs) were invited to contribute with keyword for CartoBoK elements from their field.

The keywords below is based on “raw data” received from the commissions. So far it is not checked for duplicates, missing elements, overlap with other sciences etc. The list may be changed and updated during this work.

Commission on Art and Cartography

  • Experimental cartographies
  • Narrative cartography
  • Cinematic cartography
  • Sensory and phenomenological mapping
  • Locative media
  • Performative and performance-based cartographies
  • Media archaeology
  • Research-creation or practice-led processes

Commission on Atlases

  • Atlas History
  • Atlas Definition
  • Atlas Types
  • Atlas Edition / Production / Organization
  • Atlas Concepts
  • Atlas History
  • Basemaps
  • Thematic Content
  • Navigation Tools
  • Interaction Tools
  • Visualization Methods and Techniques
  • Visual Analysis
  • Storytelling
  • Graphical User Interface
  • Usability
  • UAT User Activity Tracking

Commission on Cartographic Heritage into the Digital

  • Cartographic heritage
  • Old maps
  • Charts
  • Globes
  • Relief models
  • Digitisation
  • Georeferencing
  • Archiving
  • Map content extraction
  • Analysis of old maps

Commission on Cartography and Children

  • School cartography
  • School atlas
  • Basic map concepts
  • Map use / map use teaching
  • Cartographic education

Commission on Cartography in Early Warning and Crisis Management

  • EWCM Definition
  • History of EWCM
  • Early Warning
  • Disaster Risk Management
  • Emergency Positioning and Mapping
  • Intelligent Emergency Service and Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Risk and Vulnerability Mapping
  • Social Big Data Analysis  and Data Integration
  • 3D emergency Visualization
  • Real-time cartography
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Multi-hazard
  • Location-based and Mobile Services
  • U.N. GGIM
  • Main Tasks and Global Indicators for SDGs and Sendaj Framework
  • Landslide, Deris Flow and Flood Disaster
  • Disaster Artificial intelligence Mining

Commission on Cognitive Issues in Geographic Information Visualization

  • Visual variables
  • Human perception
  • Map use
  • Map users
  • Empirical testing
  • Dynamic maps
  • Interactive maps
  • Spatial cognition
  • Adaptive/context based cartography
  • User-centred design
  • Usability measures (effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction)

Commission on Education and Training

  • Pedagogy of cartographic and GIS education
  • Geospatial information education
  • Resilience in cartography and GIS education
  • History of cartographic education
  • Online teaching and distance learning
  • Learning environment

Commission on Generalisation and Multiple Representation

  • Scale
  • Cartographic Generalisation
  • Model Generalisation
  • Data enrichment
  • Multiple Representation Database
  • Generalisation operation/operator
  • Zoom/Adaptive zoom
  • Resolution
  • Simplification
  • Detail
  • User adaptation/on-demand map
  • Thematic generalisation

Commission on Geospatial Analysis and Modelling

  • Crowd-sourced geospatial big data
  • Exploratory data analysis
  • Heterogenous sources of spatiotemporal data
  • Analysis and visualization of multi-space data
  • Spatiotemporal data mining
  • Location-based social media data modeling
  • GeoAI
  • Geosimulation
  • Urban structure and urban analytics
  • Analysis and visualization of human dynamics
  • City science or urban informatics
  • Movement analysis and visualization

Commission on Geospatial Semantics

  • GeoSpatial Semantics – definition
  • Cartographic Semantics – definition
  • Map-text Interrelations
  • Semantic Technology
  • Cartography Design
  • Semantics and Cognition

Commission on History of Cartography

  • Formal and functional interpretation of (old) maps
  • Role of maps in history (societal impact)
  • Persons, institutions, and companies
  • Contextualization of technological advances
  • Collecting and conserving maps
  • Teaching the appraisal of historic cartographic materials

Commission on Location Based Services

  • Location Based Services
  • Location Based Science
  • Mobile Cartography
  • Augmented Reality
  • Mobile UX
  • Context aware computation
  • Positioning
  • Location big data
  • Mobile data management and analytics
  • Location privacy

Commission on Map Design

  • Thematic Map
  • Reference Map
  • Cartogram
  • Colour
  • Design
  • Geovisualization and Visualization
  • Graphic Association
  • Figure and Ground
  • Icon
  • Layout
  • Legend
  • Map Element
  • Negative Space
  • Presentation
  • Projection
  • Purpose
  • Representation
  • Symbolization
  • Typography
  • Visual Art
  • Visual Hierarchy
  • Visual Storytelling
  • Visual Style
  • Visual Variable

Commission on Map Production and Geoinformation Managemen

Commission on Map Projections

  • MP definition
  • Scale
  • Distortions
  • Earth shape and dimensions, Geodesy
  • Spatial coordinate systems
  • Plan coordinate systems and MP equations
  • Classification of MP
  • New concepts and advances in MP
  • Suggested MP and GIS
  • History of MP

Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Partially Sighted People

  • MP Inclusive Cartography
  • Tactile Cartography
  • Accessible maps
  • Maps for disabled people
  • Audio tactile maps and models
  • Tactile maps for orientation and mobility
  • Three-dimensional printed maps MP

Commission on Maps and the Internet

  • Web map / Internet map
  • Web mapping
  • Service-Oriented Mapping
  • 3D web map
  • Web semantics
  • Metadata
  • Interactive map
  • Big data
  • Linked Open Data
  • Internet of Things
  • Web Map Service
  • Web Feature Service

Commission on Marine Cartography

Commission on Mountain Cartography

  • Mountain Maps
  • Relief
  • Terrain Models
  • Elevation Models
  • Relief Morphology
  • Contour lines
  • Relief Shading
  • Rock and Cliff Depicting
  • Elevation Tints
  • Tourism
  • Mountaineering and Climbing
  • 3D Terrain Visualization
  • Panoramic Maps
  • Data Capturing in Mountain Environment
  • Cave Mapping
  • Seafloor Mapping
  • Glacier and Scree Mapping
  • Snow Covered Terrain Mapping
  • Wayfinding in Mountain Environment
  • Changes in Mountain Environment
  • History of Mountain Maps

Commission on Open Source Geospatial Technologies

Commission on Planetary and Cartography

  • Physical Relief Visualisation
  • Nomenclature
  • Evaluation Models
  • Albedo
  • Basemaps
  • Landing Site Maps
  • Topology Maps
  • Geology and Geomorphology
  • Geodetic Control
  • Scale
  • Cartographic Generalization
  • Map Projection/Reference Systems
  • Symbology/Representation
  • 3D Visualisation
  • GIS
  • Spatial data science
  • Data Management
  • Metadata
  • Data models
  • Standards
  • Interoperability
  • Knowledge Infrastructure
  • Reuse of maps
  • Public Outreach
  • Map Series
  • Globes and Atlases

Commission on SDI and Standards

  • (Geo)spatial/ geographic information
  • (Geo)spatial data infrastructure / knowledge infrastructure
  • Standard
  • Conformance
  • Data sharing
  • Crowdsourcing / volunteered geographic information
  • Data integration / fusion
  • Data usability
  • Data accessibility
  • Geospatial data quality
  • Open data
  • Open Geospatial Consortium
  • ISO TC/211
  • INSPIRE
  • Data encoding
  • Geospatial web services
  • Interoperability
  • Metadata

Commission on Sensor-driven Mapping

Commission on Topographic Mapping

  • Topography (definition)
  • Topographic map (definition)
  • Scales of topographic map
  • National mapping agencies and organisations
  • Official mapping
  • National coordinate systems
  • National grids
  • Topographic map symbology
  • National landscape
  • Trigonometric survey
  • State geodetic network
  • New directions in topographic mapping
  • Topographic immersive virtual environments
  • History of topographic mapping

Commission on Toponomy

  • Functions of place names on maps
  • Name placement on maps
  • Name density on maps, generalization issues
  • Toponymic data files and data management
  • Use of endonyms and exonyms by map types and user groups
  • Script conversion systems and their application by map types and user groups
  • Sources of place names
  • Place-name standardization
  • Place names on historical maps
  • Place names of minorities and indigenous groups

Commission on Ubiquitous Mapping

Commission on User Experience

  • Eye tracking
  • Heuristic evaluation
  • Human-computer interaction
  • Interactive design techniques
  • Interaction logging
  • Interface evaluation
  • Mobile-first design
  • Responsive design
  • Usability engineering
  • Usability testing
  • User experience design
  • User-centered design
  • User requirements
  • User studies
  • Visual storytelling

Commission on Visual Analytics

  • Geovisualization
  • Visualization
  • Information visualization
  • Visual analytics
  • Geovisual analytics
  • Spatial data science
  • Representation
  • Interaction
  • Geocomputation
  • Analytical reasoning
  • Immersive analytics
  • Extended (virtual, augmented, mixed) reality

Working Group on Digital Transformation

  • Living structure
  • Scaling law
  • Far more smalls than larges
  • Wholeness
  • Head/tail breaks
  • Ht-index
  • Tobler’s law
  • Two fundamental laws of living structure
  • Natural streets
  • Natural cities
  • Fractal
  • Fractal geometry
  • AI
  • Deep learning


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